Internet Privacy in India

Internet usage in India

Internet usage in India - Statistics & Facts
Through its diverse initiatives, CIS explores, intervenes in, and advances contemporary discourse and practices around internet, technology and society in India, and elsewhere. Internet censorship and surveillance by country. When opening these sites, a message saying that these sites have been blocked by the Department of Telecommunications or court order is displayed. Most importantly, the Report recognizes privacy as a fundamental right and defines nine National Privacy Principles that would apply to all data controllers both in the private sector and the public sector. Furthermore, the provisions place extensive security and technical obligations on the service provider — as they are required to extend all facilities necessary to security agencies for interception and decryption, and hold the service provider liable for imprisonment up to seven years for non-compliance. Any other information deemed necessary by the appropriate authority in the interest of the privacy of data subjects.

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Internet censorship in India

Digital travel sales in India from to in billion U. Average retail e-commerce revenue per user in India from to in U. Number of online consumers across India in and in millions. Number of mobile internet users in India India gender distribution of online users , by urbanity. Statista offers dossiers and reports on over industries. With Statista you are always able to make informed decisions and boost your work efficiency.

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By , there will be about Despite the large base of internet users in India, only 26 percent of the Indian population accessed the internet in On 15 June , the Madras High Court has passed an order saying that entire websites cannot be blocked on the basis of "John Doe" orders.

The High Court order reads:. The order of interim injunction dated 25 April is hereby clarified that the interim injunction is granted only in respect of a particular URL where the infringing movie is kept and not in respect of the entire website. Further, the applicant is directed to inform about the particulars of URL where the interim movie is kept within 48 hours.

The High court provided this clarification after being approached by a consortium of Internet Service Providers. The order has been welcomed by the Indian media and net users. Starting in July several domain hosting sites were banned. When opening these sites, a message saying that these sites have been blocked by the Department of Telecommunications or court order is displayed.

The blocked articles, accounts, groups, and videos were said to contain inflammatory content with fictitious details relating to Assam violence and supposedly promoting the North East exodus. It also raised questions about the censorship of people and posts debunking rumors. The government also blocked the website of Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh and several other right-wing websites. In November , Anonymous India defaced Indian Telecom Minister Kapil Sibal 's constituency website in protest against an amendment to the Information Technology Act and the recent crackdown on netizens for comments posted online.

They defaced the website with a picture stating that they protest against section 66A of the IT Act and in support of cartoonist Aseem Trivedi and Alok Dixit. The duo have gone on a hunger striker to protest against Section 66A. The order did not specify a reason or law under which the websites were blocked.

Most are web forums, where Internet users share images and URLs to pornographic files. However, some of the websites are also image and file hosts, mostly used to store and share files that are not pornographic. While watching or distributing child pornography is illegal in India, watching adult pornography is not.

The blocked websites are hosted outside India and claim to operate under the U. This is contrary to the Madras High Court orders which blocked only URLs referencing web pages with illegal content, rather than entire websites.

Included are many file storage and torrent websites, but no Google sites. In an interim order on the petition filed by news reader Mahalaxmi, Justice Cyril Selvam blocked the entire website www. This order on 28 Feb directly contradicts an earlier order by Madras High Court on 15 Apr against banning entire website instead of specific URLs.

Earlier in Feb, savukku. Shanmuganathan and Jaffer Sait. Just a couple of hours before taking oath as judge Justice Selvam called on Karunanidhi and got his blessings and this was revealed through a govt press release with photograph by the Tamil Nadu government's Information Department.

The Indian government banned access to sites hosting pornography in November Kamlesh Vaswani, the lawyer behind the ban in his petition said: Chetan Bhagat , an investment banker turned novelist, described the porn ban as "anti-freedom," "impractical" and "not enforceable.

The DOT ordered blocking of 32 websites including archive. On 1 August , pornographic sites were blocked under section 79 3 b of Information Technology Act, , to restrict access to pornographic content. The original list was generated by a Suresh Kumar Shukla, [86] [87] founder of Filternet Foundation which makes pornography-blocking software and contained popular sites. A copy of the order is available through media websites.

The ban was lifted on 5 August by DoT. Additionally people criticised the law enforcement section 67 of IT Act As of , India now blocks more Facebook content than any other nation. Some Bollywood studios came up with public education message that black money generated from pre-release of their content through offline markets are sourced for terrorism, though sources were not clear. Reports show that piracy losses are significantly high. In August , the Madras High Court ordered that the Internet Archive be blocked in India, following complaints by film studios who alleged that the service had been used to disseminate copyright-infringing copies of its films.

Over the years, the government has banned thousands of websites and URLs in the country with the help of internet service providers or under the directive of the courts. For example, in August , the government banned at least sites for their pornographic contents and in June , the government further banned over URLs for providing 'Escort Services'. In response, nearly websites were blocked. They can now force ISPs to block entire websites to tackle Internet piracy and sharing for their copyrighted content.

This was gained through falsifying data that these sites are uploading videos when it is a user centered activity and covering up the fact each of these websites have active departments to regulate any sorts of infringement and misuse of their services.

Prathiba M Singh, who had represented Star India, cited poor resources of media giants like Star India, for targeting these domains without block expiry period and their legal team termed these sites as "rogue sites" and expressed delight in their successive filing from and incognito win to violate freedom of trade on the Internet at least in India.

Though some critics say this would be lifted eventually by seeing the fallacy as in similar previous cases. In , India also put forwarded a new plan to control internet usage of its netizens. Accessing or pop-ups from ad services or malware infection of websites banned in India might invite 3 years of jail sentence and a fine of Rs 3 lakh. This means the DNS of the blocked site was added to a list maintained by the internet service provider and whenever a user tried connecting to that site, the DNS server of the internet service provider would block that request.

Officials suspect netizens are circumventing these measures knowingly or unknowingly. The government also intends to provide broad educational information classes, provide free operating systems with utilities for malware, free access to internet, and for computerized activities of daily life as a primary method.

Currently, the government is joining hands with media content providers and internet service providers like big companies Tata Communications and Airtel to manage a number of internet gateways in India.

Though many legal, technical and social action groups consider this as a threatening approach. Many social action groups say that these as inappropriate time and money spend while real issues like unemployment, access to education, freedom of practicing religion, women and children safety, drug use are ever rising. Lawyers with technical background say this might be warning message and DNS filtering is a better practice for enforcing Anti-piracy laws in current India.

Some of them are also wary about how will these actions get reflected in terms hostility towards human rights, implications of these fines, profiteering stakeholders agendas, is it the government's first step to a long term plan "monitoring the whole world wide web" as China does. Many of these services are malvertising , click away access and pops ups, how does the government intend to tackle these issues and problems with the current plan that is heavily in favor of corporation's margin and doesn't cater to its users needs.

Other groups express their fear and uneasiness whether these will lead to emergency era like arrests where anything that government bodies believe is an "offence under the laws of India, including but not limited to under Sections 63, A, 65 and A of the Copyright Act, ".

This URL has been blocked under the instructions of the Competent Government Authority or in compliance with the orders of a Court of competent jurisdiction. Viewing, downloading, exhibiting or duplicating an illicit copy of the contents under this URL is punishable as an offence under the laws of India, including but not limited to under Sections 63, A, 65 and A of the Copyright Act, which prescribe imprisonment for 3 years and also fine of upto Rs.

Any person aggrieved by any such blocking of this URL may contact at urlblock [at] tatacommunications [dot] com who will, within 48 hours, provide you the details of relevant proceedings under which you can approach the relevant High Court or Authority for redressal of your grievance.

Current situation that have led to this sudden moves is reported to be by influence of film studios in India and courts who have regularly issued orders in the favor for them. Often these are done with the contracted lawyers of film studios approach courts in regular intervals ahead and after a movie's release seeking preventive blocks on the URLs they compile and list.

This lists in reality are unprofessionally and "poorly compiled and often block is sought on full websites just on the basis of whims and fancies".

The interesting part here is that once a URL is blocked it remains blocked, even years after the release of the film without an expiry. Patent lawyers also suggest to make practical changes in its laws according to the current e-environment like making materials accessible within six months to one year and protecting the content from manipulation and creative infringement of the same under copyright laws to lessen the current piracy problems.

Pertinently, the order was passed by exercising the powers conferred under the Indian Telegraph Act, which technically became obsolete circa when the Government of India decided to stop all telegraph services in the country.

As a result of this censorship, people living in the valley have resorted to circumvention tactics in the form of using web proxies, VPNs among other things. The popularity of these tactics have compelled the government to block access to Android Play store among other services for some time in a bid to prevent citizens from getting access to these services. The banned services include widely used services like Facebook, Twitter, WhatsApp but also surprisingly the list includes websites like QQ, Baidu, Qzone, which are not used outside of mainland China.

Xanga, a website featured in the list, shut down in The State government shut down the Internet in Vadodara , Gujarat from September 27, for 3 days due to communal clashes between two communities, even though only the central government has the power to shut down the Internet under the Information Technology Act, [] and that, in addition, under a declared state of emergency under article of the Constitution of India when freedom of speech and expression is suspended.

No formal announcement was made regarding this by the city police or the Internet service providers. When Patidar reservation agitation turned violent on 25 August , the internet service on mobile phones and certain websites like WhatsApp and Facebook on broadband were blocked for six days from 26 August to 31 August across the state. The State government of Nagaland shut down the Internet in the entire state from 7 March for 48 hours due to the mob lynching of a man.

The block was initiated to prevent the spread of violence in the state. Police and protesters clashed in different areas of Churachandpur district as mobs went on rampage attacking residences of Ministers, MLAs and MP. The State government of Manipur ordered by respective DC [ clarification needed ] to shutting down Mobile data service in Imphal west and Imphal east district from 17 December till further order. The State government of Manipur ordered all forms of telecom services except voice calls were suspended for five days in Manipur with effect from Thursday night to prevent anti-national and anti-social messages on social media.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Internet An Opte Project visualization of routing paths through a portion of the Internet. Websites blocked in India. India" , Access Contested , Ronald J. Retrieved 3 February Retrieved 19 July The New York Times. Retrieved 30 July Retrieved 27 May Indian govt wanted items removed, says Google". The Times of India. Retrieved 21 January Retrieved 15 December Aseem Trivedi continues his struggle against censorship".

Groups challenge didactic govt". Retrieved 17 January Daily News and Analysis. Retrieved 19 January Retrieved 4 May Retrieved 28 May Retrieved 27 June Retrieved 5 August Archived from the original on 9 September Retrieved 17 September Retrieved 24 August Retrieved 7 July Retrieved 20 September Retrieved 18 January

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Internet censorship in India is selectively practiced by both federal and state governments. While there is no sustained government policy or strategy to block access to Internet content on a large scale, measures for removing content have become more common in . Cyber crimes can involve criminal activities that are traditional in nature, such as theft, fraud, forgery, defamation and mischief, all of which are subject to the Indian Penal Code. The abuse of computers has also given birth to a gamut of new age crimes that are addressed by the Information Technology Act, The Internet Law Of India Indian Law Series The Description Of: The Internet Law Of India Indian Law Series this guide to law online india contains a selection of india legal juridical and governmental sources accessible through the internet links provide access to primary documents legal.