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In the hours or days in which the story is available online, people read it, and by the time the story is taken down, the information is already public. One notable case in which this occurred was in response to a school explosion in , when local officials tried to suppress the fact the explosion resulted from children illegally producing fireworks.

On 11 July , the Chinese government started granting licenses to businesses to open Internet cafe chains. Business analysts and foreign Internet operators regard the licenses as intended to clamp down on information deemed harmful to the Chinese government. In July , the city of Xiamen announced it would ban anonymous online postings after text messages and online communications were used to rally protests against a proposed chemical plant in the city. Internet users will be required to provide proof of identity when posting messages on the more than , Web sites registered in Xiamen.

The authorities periodically detain and even jail Internet users for politically sensitive comments, such as calls for a multiparty democracy or accusations of impropriety by local officials. Fines and short arrests are becoming an optional punishment to whoever spreads undesirable information through the different Internet formats, as this is seen as a risk to social stability. In , Wang Xiaoning and other Chinese activists were arrested and sentenced to 10 years in prison for using a Yahoo email account to post anonymous writing to an Internet mailing list.

As a teacher in Sichuan province, he had taken photographs of collapsed schools and posted these photos online. Huang had spoken with the foreign press and posted information on his website about the plight of parents who had lost children in collapsed schools.

In his email, he summarized a government order directing media organizations in China to downplay the upcoming 15th anniversary of the crackdown on pro-democracy activists.

Police arrested him in November , charging him with "illegally providing state secrets to foreign entities". In April , he was sentenced to 10 years' imprisonment and two years' subsequent deprivation of his political rights. In mid police across China announced the arrests of hundreds of people accused of spreading false rumors online. Chinese authorities have said the crackdown is directed at abuses such as fraud, fakery, and slander. But the accusations against many of the arrested microbloggers have a political edge with many of the rumors called outrageously false by the government dealing with the sins of officials: The suspicion is that the crackdown is intended to break up online networks of like-minded people whose ideas could challenge the Communist Party.

Some of China's most popular microbloggers have been arrested. The rules give some protection to citizens who accuse officials of corruption, but they say that a slanderous message forwarded more than times or read more than 5, times could result in up to three years in prison. The Great Firewall has used a number of methods to block content including straightforward IP blocking, as well as deep packet inspection to try to find sensitive keywords within unencrypted connections.

It started in , began processing in November , and the first part of the project passed the national inspection on 16 November in Beijing. According to MPS, its purpose is to construct a communication network and computer information system for police to improve their capability and efficiency. A notice [61] issued by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology on 19 May stated that, as of 1 July , manufacturers must ship machines to be sold in mainland China with the Green Dam Youth Escort software.

A senior official of the Internet Affairs Bureau of the State Council Information Office said the software's only purpose was "to filter pornography on the Internet". The general manager of Jinhui, which developed Green Dam, said: According to a Harvard study, at least 18, websites are blocked from within mainland China, [69] including 12 out of the Top Global Websites.

The Chinese-sponsored news agency, Xinhua, stated that censorship targets only "superstitious, pornographic, violence-related, gambling, and other harmful information. Falun Gong , [72] police brutality , Tiananmen Square protests of , freedom of speech , democracy , [73] Taiwan independence , [72] the Tibetan independence movement , [72] and the Tuidang movement.

Testing performed by Freedom House in confirmed that material written by or about activist bloggers is removed from the Chinese internet in a practice that has been termed "cyber-disappearance".

The blocking focused mainly on any form of collective action anything from false rumors driving riots to protest organizers to large parties for fun , pornography, and criticism of the censors. However, significant criticisms of the government were not blocked when made separately from calls for collective action. Other study has showed comments on social media that criticisms of the state, its leaders, and their policies are usually published, but posts with collective action potential will likely to be censored more whether they are against the state or not.

Chinese censors have been relatively reluctant to block websites where there might be significant economic consequences. For example, a block of GitHub was reversed after widespread complaints from the Chinese software developer community. For one month beginning 17 November , ProPublica tested whether the homepages of 18 international news organizations were accessible to browsers inside China, and found the most consistently blocked were Bloomberg , New York Times , South China Morning Post , Wall Street Journal , Facebook, and Twitter.

The excessive censorship practices of the Great Firewall of China have now engulfed the VPN service providers as well. One part of the block is to filter the search results of certain terms on Chinese search engines. Attempting to search for censored keywords in these Chinese search engines will yield few or no results. If a site was inaccessible, then it was added to Google China's blacklist. In addition, a connection containing intensive censored terms may also be closed by The Great Firewall, and cannot be reestablished for several minutes.

Before the search engines censored themselves, many search engines had been blocked, namely Google and AltaVista. Technorati , a search engine for blogs, has been blocked. For example, the search engine Bing is reported to censor search results from searches conducted in simplified Chinese characters used in China , but not in traditional Chinese characters used in Hong Kong , Taiwan and Macau. In September , some data centers were shut down indiscriminately for providing interactive features such as blogs and forums.

CBS reports an estimate that half the interactive sites hosted in China were blocked. Coinciding with the twentieth anniversary of the government suppression of the pro-democracy protests in Tiananmen Square , the government ordered Internet portals, forums and discussion groups to shut down their servers for maintenance between 3 and 6 June Although the government and media often use microblogging service Sina Weibo to spread ideas and monitor corruption, it is also supervised and self-censored by Sina censors.

Posts that will be primarily auto-blocked based on keyword filters, and decide which ones to publish later. In the second half of , the social networking sites Facebook and Twitter were blocked, presumably because of containing social or political commentary similar to LiveJournal in the above list. In , Chinese human rights activist Liu Xiaobo became a forbidden topic in Chinese media due to his winning the Nobel Peace Prize.

After the Wenzhou train collision , the government started emphasizing the danger in spreading 'false rumors' yaoyan , making the permissive usage of Weibo and social networks a public debate. In , First Monday published an article on "political content censorship in social media, i. The study revealed that censors quickly deleted words with politically controversial meanings e. In another study conducted by a research team led by political scientist Gary King , objectionable posts created by King's team on a social networking site were almost universally removed within 24 hours of their posting.

It is a rare example that a foreigner leader is granted the safety from popular judgment in Chinese internet, which usually only granted to the Chinese leaders. The Chinese government censors internet materials related to the Tiananmen Square protest of Netizens created and posted humorous pictures or drawings that are similar to the Tank Man photo on Weibo. This has aggravated anti-western sentiment amongst some Chinese bloggers. According to Chinese studies expert Johan Lagerkvist, scholars Pierre Bourdieu and Michel de Certeau argue that this culture of satire is a weapon of resistance against authority.

They claim that when sarcastic terms develop into common vocabulary of netizens, these terms would lose their sarcastic characteristic. They then become normal terms that carry significant political meanings that oppose the government. Lagerkvist states that the Chinese government, however, does not see subtle criticisms on the Internet as real threats that carry significant political meanings and topple the government.

Anti explains that this is to guide and generate public opinions that favour the government and to criticize enemies of the party officials. The Chinese government has become more efficient in its Internet regulations since the 20th anniversary of the Tiananmen protest. On June 3, , Weibo quietly suspended usage of the candle icon from the comment input tool, which netizens used to mourn the dead on forums.

In February Xi appeared to set in motion a process to scrap term limits , allowing himself to become ruler for life. In the aftermath, Liang's name became the most-censored search term on Weibo. As a result, the English language name of John Oliver although not the Chinese version was censored on Weibo and other sites on the Chinese internet. Foreign content providers such as Yahoo! Also, in accordance with mainland Chinese laws, Microsoft began to censor the content of its blog service Windows Live Spaces , arguing that continuing to provide Internet services is more beneficial to the Chinese.

So the point is, compromises are being made at every level of society because nobody has the expectation of political freedom anyway. The Chinese version of MySpace, launched in April , has many censorship-related differences from other international versions of the service. Discussion forums on topics such as religion and politics are absent and a filtering system that prevents the posting of content about politically sensitive topics has been added.

Some media have suggested that China's Internet censorship of foreign websites may also be a means of forcing mainland Chinese users to rely on China's own e-commerce industry, thus self-insulating their economy from the dominance of international corporations. Reporters Without Borders suspects that regimes such as Cuba , Zimbabwe and Belarus have obtained surveillance technology from China.

Internet censorship in China is circumvented by determined parties by using proxy servers outside the firewall. However, disruptions of VPN services have been reported and many of the free or popular services are now blocked.

Psiphon is a free and open source tool for Internet censorship circumvention. Since free hosting blog services like Blogger and Wordpress. In July , researchers at Cambridge University claimed to have defeated the firewall by ignoring the TCP reset packets.

Although many users use VPNs to circumvent the Great Firewall of China, many Internet connections are now subject to deep packet inspection , in which data packets are looked at in detail. Many VPNs have been blocked using this method. However, Grey points out this method is futile against "advanced" inspection.

The Tor anonymity network was and is subject to blocking by China's Great Firewall. The Tor network maintains a public list of approximately relays; almost all of them all blocked. It was common in the past to use Google 's cache feature to view blocked websites. However, this feature of Google seems to be under some level of blocking, as access is now erratic and does not work for blocked websites.

Currently the block is mostly circumvented by using proxy servers outside the firewall, and is not difficult to carry out for those determined to do so. The mobile Opera Mini browser uses a proxy-based approach employing encryption and compression in order to speed up downloads. This has the side effect of allowing it to circumvent several approaches to Internet censorship.

In this led the government of China to ban all but a special Chinese version of the browser. As the Great Firewall of China gets more sophisticated, the users are getting increasingly creative in the ways they elude the censorship such as by using analogies to discuss topics. Furthermore, users are becoming increasingly open in their mockery of them by actively using homophones to avoid censorship. For example, censors are referred to as " river crabs ", because in Chinese those two words together form a homophone for "harmony".

According to The Guardian editor Charles Arthur, Internet users in China have found more technical ways to get around the Great Wall of China, including using Steganography , a practice of "embedding useful data in what looks like something irrelevant. The text of a document can be broken into its constituent bytes , which are added to the pixels of an apparently innocent picture.

XVideos is one of the world's largest pornographic video sharing and viewing websites. In , it was estimated that the site streams over a terabyte per second , which was the equivalent of one-fifteenth of the network bandwidth available from London to New York. XVideos serves as a pornographic media aggregator, a type of website which gives access to adult content in a similar manner as YouTube does for general content. In , the company was targeted by the Indian government on a list of 'pornographic' websites, that included non-pornographic websites such as CollegeHumor.

In , the Malaysian government banned XVideos for violating the Communications and Multimedia Act , which bans "obscene content" from being digitally distributed. On June 14, , the telecommunications and internet services company CANTV blocked access to the website without giving any statement in this regard. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Not to be confused with X Videos film. Find the "hosts" file in the main Notepad window, then do the following: Right-click the "hosts" file.

Click Properties in the drop-down menu. Click the Security tab. Check the "Full Control" box. Click OK , then click Yes when prompted. The "hosts" file will open in Notepad. Create a new line at the bottom of the document. Add websites to the block list. To block a website in your computer's browsers, do the following: Type in a website's address without the "www" section e. Block Google Chrome sites using this method. While you can block sites in most browsers using the above step, Google Chrome is slightly different: To block Facebook, for example, you would type in Try blocking alternative versions of the website's address.

IP address — You can find a website's IP address and then block it in the "hosts" file to prevent people from accessing the website via its IP address. Mobile site — By placing "m. Replace the existing "hosts" file with the edited one. Click File in the top-left corner of Notepad. Click the "Save as type" drop-down box, then click All Files in the drop-down menu. Click the "hosts" file in the main window to select it. Click Save , then click Yes when prompted. Flush your computer's DNS cache. You'll use Command Prompt to perform this action.

Flushing the DNS cache will prevent saved browser information from clashing with your blocked sites. If you have any browser windows open, close them and then re-open them. Any websites you added to the "hosts" file should now be blocked in your browsers.

If the websites still aren't blocked after restarting your browsers, try restarting your computer. Type terminal into Spotlight. This will search your computer for the Terminal app. Open the "hosts" file. Enter your Mac's password. The "hosts" file will open. Terminal won't show your password's letters as you type. Move the blinking cursor down to the bottom of the page. Save and exit the editor. This command will flush your Mac's DNS cache, which will ensure that all of the website's previous data e.

Your listed site should now be blocked in all browsers on your computer. If your computer's browsers don't block the site, restart your computer to finalize the changes. Open the Block Site page. This is the page from which you'll install Block Site. Block Site allows you to block individual pages or entire websites. It also allows you to set a password so that other computer users can't change your block list. It's a blue button in the upper-right side of the page. Click Add extension when prompted.

This option will appear at the top of the page. Clicking it prompts Block Site to install. Click the Block Site icon.

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gas-bg.ga - Open Blocked Sites Easily Use Proxies, Access any Blocked Websites, Bypass online blocks, Free Proxy to Unblock any Sites. UN News produces daily news content in Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Kiswahili, Portuguese, Russian and Spanish, and weekly programmes in Hindi, Urdu and Bangla. Our multimedia service, through this new integrated single platform, updates throughout the day, in text, audio and video – also making use of quality images and other media from across the UN . Internet censorship in China is among the most extensive in the world due to a wide variety of laws and administrative regulations. More than sixty Internet restrictions have been created by the government of China, which have been implemented by provincial branches of state-owned ISPs, companies, and organizations. According to CNN, the .